Episode 10. The story … Lie!

Chapter 2. Ẩn gave the untruthful stories

Episode 10. The story … Lie!

 Introductions. “himself an undercover Communist spy, was now preparing Dr. Tuyen’s anti-Communist agents for their cover” and “nothing was ever as it seemed to be.“.

 jokes!

I. Borrowing money to be sent for training: “the American way of writing and thinking“?

Many members of Hanoi’s politburo, closely monitoring the resources being channeled into Vietnam from the United States since the defeat of the French at Dien Bien Phu in 1954, had little doubt the day would come when the United States and Vietnam would be at war. Before his departure, An was instructed to make every effort to integrate himself into the American way of writing and thinking: “If you can’t do this, you will not succeed,” warned his mentor Muoi Huong. “When you go there, you have to study American culture thoroughly and understand the American people completely. Only by doing so can you do your part.”6” (Perfect Spy, Chapter 2, Page 4/19)

Comment:  jokes!

Too talent?

Set to be “a Spy” into the heart of enemy – not easy! But now – Borrowing money to be sent for training “the American way of writing and thinking“?

  1. Manage “super spy” by … “faith”!
  2. Alone decided to return to Vietnam.

Muoi Huong = “I still put full faith in An.”

    “Năm 1958, tôi bị chính quyền Ngô Đình Diệm bắt. Ẩn khi đó đang học ở Mỹ. Cấp trên rất lo lắng về khả năng Ẩn có chịu về Việt Nam hay không một khi thông tin này đến tai Ẩn. Riêng tôi vẫn đặt trọn niềm tin nơi Ẩn. Sau ngày giải phóng, gặp lại nhau, tôi hỏi: “Khi nghe tin tôi bị bắt, sao cậu vẫn về Việt Nam?”. Ẩn trả lời: “Bên nhà báo sang ‘anh Hai mệt nặng nên không đến’, em biết là anh đã bị bắt. Nhưng em tin anh sẽ không khai ra em, nên em về”. … ”   (Perfect Spy vs. 1, Tuoi Tre magazine, 30-09-2013)

I had the courage to return from the United States“.

I asked him how he felt about his new popularity. “Now they know I have not done anything wrong and I will die soon. I have not betrayed them. They tried to change my way of talking for one year and my way of thinking for much longer. What can they do? They cannot take me out and shoot me. They told me that they do not like my way of talking and that I am different. Even today, they do not know how much information I have and what I know. Still, I have proven my loyalty to them, so now the people may find out about me. I had the courage to return from the United States, and this is a lesson for our youth. I am considered a good model to many young people about my love for the country.”

An oxygen tank was stationed nearby, and about two hours into our conversation, An said he needed to lie down and take oxygen.” (Perfect Spy, Prologue, Page 5/12) 

He had received no instructions to return home.

                At this important crossroads, An decided that he could best serve his country by returning to Vietnam. “I was worried about my family, my leaders, and my mission. I had given my word to the party. I was thirty-two years old already. I knew sooner or later I must return. I had people depending on me and my mission.”” (Perfect Spy, Chapter 3, Page 17/20)

  1. His brother’s letter.

“… An was also very concerned about events back home. He had already received that letter from Mills Brandes and therefore knew that the government of Ngo Dinh Diem had initiated a massive crackdown against suspected Communist Viet Cong sympathizers and agents. An wondered if any member of his family or friends had been caught up in one of these government sweeps and was now being tortured within the walls of Con Son prison. His greatest fear was that someone would give up his name as a Communist Party member. If that happened, he would never be able to return and his family could expect the worst from Diem’s police. In January 1958 An’s younger brother had been captured. “I was very sad,” recalled An. “I had lost contact with the Communists, all my leaders were captured; my younger brother was captured, and after his release he wrote me a coded message.”

His brother’s letter was written in the ruse of a Tet New Year story. “Tet is coming and I don’t have anything to talk to you about. Right now I know you like stories of the old days, and you like chatting about things of the sky and earth, so to make a contribution to happy days of Tet, I’ll write you a story of the old days.” What followed was the message in code: “Once upon a time, there was an old man who was really poor and endured many hardships. He raised two sons who liked to play in the jungle, but they also cut down trees and sold the wood in order to take care of their father. However, one day the two brothers went into the jungle and the younger one got caught by a monster while the elder escaped with the help of a dog and a parrot who showed him a way out of the jungle. The younger brother was now being held captive, likely to be eaten. The older brother was very sad. He missed his younger brother so much that he went back into the jungle with his dog and parrot. The parrot came back by itself.”

An explained the coded message to me: “When I was about to go to America, I had a dog and a parrot. There was a guy who oversaw the intelligence unit I was in, and he had a little daughter. I told him to take the dog and the parrot home to his daughter because I was about to go to America.” After reading his brother’s story An thought to himself, “Oh shit, he got caught. I didn’t know what to do. If I came back, then I will also get caught. But if I stay, then for how long?” An was uncertain enough about his future that he decided to study Spanish at OCC just in case there was a need to escape through South America or Cuba.…” (Perfect Spy, Chapter 3, Page 10/20)

Comment: 1. After reading his brother’s story An thought to himself“?

No ‘His brother’s letter” is how?

Ridiculous as much!

Manage “a spy” can not be managed with “Faith”!

Borrowing money put “super spy” type of training – but not manage?

Only people “brother” had contact with him?

Ridiculous as much!

  1. Original letters?

Stolen?

 III. An decided to return to Vietnam because: “was tipped off by an Indian correspondent”?

“… He was immersed in his internship when he learned that Hanoi’s Third Congress of the Fifteenth Plenum had issued Resolution 15, the start of guerrilla warfare in South Vietnam. “When I learned that the Communists were resuming war, I knew I must return home.”56

 …56. An said he was tipped off by an Indian correspondent whose source was French intelligence, which had connections with the North Vietnamese. The correspondent had been asked by the Asia Foundation to take care of An while he was in New York. Each day An would visit the Press Trust of India office in New York as part of his internship..” (Perfect Spy, Chapter 3, Page 17/20)

Comment: jokes!

If An not “was tipped off by an Indian correspondent ” – An not return to Vietnam?

  1. “Super spy” refused to work in “the United States Information Agency “?

An sold his car in New York and flew back to California for meetings at the Asia Foundation in order to prepare for his return to Vietnam. The foundation made him an attractive offer: He could take a job with an excellent salary with the United States Information Agency in a program that would also allow him to get a PhD on a full scholarship, or he could teach Vietnamese at the language school in Monterey to the American advisers departing for Vietnam…” (Perfect Spy, Chapter 3, Page 17/20)

 “Krupnick also told An that she had lived in Monterey while learning Vietnamese at the Monterey Institute of International Studies, where she received her BA. An recalled for her the story of being offered a job in 1959 teaching Vietnamese to the first contingent of American advisors going to Vietnam and thought of the irony that if he had taken the job, he might have been her teacher…” (Perfect Spy, Chapter 7, Page 18/23)

Comment: Nonsense!

Work inthe United States Information Agency ” or “he could teach Vietnamese at the language school in Monterey to the American advisers departing for Vietnam” – Not good for the Vietnam Communist?

As demonstrated Bop not “communist spy”!

  1. Alone decided to return to Vietnam?

“He had received no instructions to return home.

  At this important crossroads, An decided that he could best serve his country by returning to Vietnam. “I was worried about my family, my leaders, and my mission. I had given my word to the party. I was thirty-two years old already. I knew sooner or later I must return. I had people depending on me and my mission.”” (Perfect Spy, Chapter 3, Page 17/20)

Comment: Go or stay better?

While staying shall be as above, return Viet Nam as following:

          “ON RETURNING TO SAIGON IN LATE September 1959 after two years in the United States, An’s greatest fear was getting off the plane and being taken away, never to be heard from again. An arranged for his entire family to greet him at the airport, figuring that if he was going to get arrested, it was best to have witnesses. “With my family at the airport, at least my mother would know if I disappeared,” An told me… ” (Perfect Spy, Chapter 4, Page 1/27)

  1. Go or stay better? While staying shall take the following news:

“An’s writing was so lively and detailed that General Giap and Ho Chi Minh are said to have rubbed their hands with glee on getting these reports from Tran Van Trung—An’s code name. “We are now in the United States’ war room!” they exclaimed, according to members of the Vietnamese Politburo. ” (The Spy Who Loved Us, page 2)

Comment: We are now in the United States

 Why “super spy” alone decided to return to Vietnam?

Wasted?

Why not be disciplined?

 VII. “himself an undercover Communist spy, was now preparing Dr. Tuyen’s anti-Communist agents for their cover” and “In Vietnam, nothing was ever as it seemed to be.“.

          “Dr. Tuyen had a scheme to use Vietnam Press as a cover for his own secret agents going overseas. He instructed Thai to teach the agents a few things about journalism before they were sent on espionage assignments to New Delhi, Djakarta, and Cairo. Thai vehemently objected, but Tuyen told him it was Nhu’s order, so he had no choice. Thai decided that An would be the one to teach Tuyen’s agents. Not only had he just returned from journalism school, but he was on better terms with Tuyen.

When An saw that Tuyen’s men were not taking his classroom training seriously, he went directly to Tuyen: “Look, I refuse to teach them unless you order them to understand how important having a cover is because they will be caught immediately unless they learn this trade” is how An recalled his argument. “They need to pay attention to detail, know how to file a story, interview, and develop sources. If they do not learn this job, they will be caught and you will be embarrassed.” The agents returned to Vietnam Press with orders from Tuyen to take their journalism training seriously. Pham Xuan An, himself an undercover Communist spy, was now preparing Dr. Tuyen’s anti-Communist agents for their cover. In Vietnam, nothing was ever as it seemed to be.”   (Perfect Spy, Chapter 4, Page 3/27)

Comment: The leaks!

jokes!

As “nothing was ever as it seemed to be“!

      VIII. Nonsense!

        But Tuyen soon found a more important use for his new protégé, who had asked Tuyen for an assignment in which he could make use of his journalism skills. Tuyen sent An to meet Nguyen Thai, Director General of Vietnam Press, the regime’s official press organ.

          …As Thai predicted, An did not stay too long at Vietnam Press, moving to the British news agency Reuters as a stringer, working for Australian correspondent Peter Smark, whose offices had been located inside Vietnam Press.

…So, within a year of having returned from the United States, An had already aligned himself with Dr. Tuyen, worked in a staff capacity within the presidential office, befriended Nguyen Thai at Vietnam Press, and moved on to a job with Reuters.” (Perfect Spy, Chapter 4, Page 2/27)

           Comment: If a “super spy” truth –  they will not give up: “Dr. Tuyen’s anti-Communist agents.” to turn to “had asked Tuyen for an assignment in which he could make use of his journalism skills.”!

     Downright ridiculous!

          In 1 year, An moved to 3 work: “…So, within a year of having returned from the United States, An had already aligned himself with Dr. Tuyen, worked in a staff capacity within the presidential office, befriended Nguyen Thai at Vietnam Press, and moved on to a job with Reuters.”, but also keep up “Pham Xuan An, himself an undercover Communist spy, was now preparing Dr. Tuyen’s anti-Communist agents for their cover. “?

Believe it?

An is a witch?

So: “In Vietnam, nothing was ever as it seemed to be.”!

  1. Teach to the enemy – so why … teaching depth?

“…The book is also heavily underlined on the topic of selecting a cover: “Indeed, the cover work which the spy adopts is as important to him as his cover story. Ideally it will bring him into direct contact with the source of the information he is seeking; but if this is not possible, then it must provide him with time and opportunities for making indirect contacts.” This demonstrates why An believed it was critical for Dr. Tuyen’s spies to appreciate their cover: “If you view cover as just a fake profession, a profession at which one is not really proficient, a job that one does not truly perform, then you are dead, as if you had no cover.”” (Perfect Spy, Chapter 4, Page 8/27)

Comment:

Himself an undercover Communist spy, was now preparing Dr. Tuyen’s anti-Communist agents for their cover.” so why … teaching depth?

jokes!

He teaching depth, Communist North Viet will lose! He will be disciplined!

jokes!

  1. Tran Kim Tuyen discuss “elaborate coup planwith Communist Spy.

In 1962 Dr. Tran Kim Tuyen, like Nguyen Thai and scores of others, could take no more of Madame Nhu’s meddling in politics. In a long letter to Diem, Tuyen urged that Madame Nhu be removed from the spotlight. When the president’s brother and Madame Nhu’s husband, Ngo Dinh Nhu, learned of the letter, Tuyen’s fate was sealed. He was exiled to Cairo under the rubric of consul general, but Nhu kept Tuyen’s family under house arrest in Saigon. Before departing Saigon, Tuyen laid out an elaborate coup plan, sharing the details with An and others. ” (Perfect Spy, Chapter 4, Page 19/27)

Comment:

Why “Before departing Saigon”, but “Tuyen laid out an elaborate coup plan” while  “He was exiled to Cairo”? Non-logical!

The same motifs with stories about “Pham Ngoc Thao and Vu Ngoc Nha”!

The “Super Spy Communist” too talented! 

jokes!

Tran Kim Tuyen am?

  1. Story Pham Xuan An was safe.

“…A far better fate awaited Pham Xuan An when a few weeks following liberation, someone from the regime’s new security force came to him and said, “You’re OK.”

“That is all he said,” recalled An.” (Perfect Spy, Chapter 7, Page 5/23)

Comment:   That person now?

What documents?

XII. An 4 times refused the proposal of the CIA?

Following the Tet Offensive, An told me he was approached by the CIA to run a cow plantation and dairy farm in Tay Ninh, between zones B and C, a known area for VC infiltration. An would be set up as a gentleman farmer, his only real responsibility to raise cows and watch the workers and report. An was very worried about this offer because he would have to leave Time and become a double agent, something he had no interest in doing. He was told to “get back to us” on the offer, meaning he had a way out. “I decided not to ask my superiors if I should accept because I had no interest in working as a double agent.”

Thinking that perhaps the problem was being a plantation owner, the same CIA contact suggested that An operate a cannery in the Nha Trang and Vung Tau area, again with the goal of surveillance on possible VC activities. An’s sole job would be to observe activity among the fishermen arriving to sell their fish, because the CIA was trying to identify boats that were being used to infiltrate arms into the South. An quickly turned this offer down too.(Perfect Spy, Chapter 5, Page 15/25)

          “Most colleagues assumed at one time or another that An must have been working in some capacity for the CIA. Richard Pyle, Associated Press bureau chief in Saigon from 1970 to 1973, recalled that every day, from his regular table at the Givral, “An dispensed tidbits of Saigon’s convoluted politics and presidential-palace machinations to a rapt audience of disciples—the Vietnamese reporters who worked for the foreign press and networks. These reporters then returned to their offices with the latest inside information from their ‘sources.’ It was no mystery where the information was coming from, and a standing press corps joke was that anyone with An’s connections must be CIA.”68

It was logical for the CIA to attempt to recruit An. It was well known that pro-government labor unions were full of Communists and the unions were becoming holding tanks for infiltrators. A CIA contact asked An if he would be willing to work under the guise of doing stories on the union, keep his eyes open on suspected VC activity. In return, the CIA would feed An some super scoops, thereby raising his stature at the magazine. An told me he had declined the offer, pointing out that he already had good sources, knowing privately that this work was too dangerous for his cover.” (Perfect Spy, Chapter 5, Page 16/25)

Comment: Nonsense! (refusing to go to school in the US is 4 – See episode  3)

Why not get to work “double agent” where to get information for the Communists?

jokes!

Imagine: 1 person, “1954: “Work at the post office for the Deuxième Bureau.” and “An became part of the 25th ARVN Division in February 1956” and “ON SATURDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 12, 1957, thirty-year-old Pham Xuan An arrived in California.”.

But “4 times refused the proposal of the CIA” – CIA did not suspect?

Meanwhile, An “indiscriminate relations” (See episode 4) – undetected?

Jokes!

Conflicting:

  1. His travels across America were financed by the Asia Foundation, which was later revealed to be a CIA front.” (The Spy Who Loved Us, page 107)
  2. “An’s stipend was paid by the Asia Foundation, which had also arranged for him to fly to New York at the end of the summer for another internship, this one at the United Nations.” (The Spy Who Loved Us, page 113)
  3. “But for now, I prefer to go back home and work for Vietnam Press. The Asia Foundation had already told me, when I returned to Vietnam, that I should work for Vietnam Press, to help them.”

The ambiguity of An’s statement only strikes me later, and I never get to ask him about it. Why is the Asia Foundation advising him to work for Vietnam Press? Will An be helping the cause of Vietnamese journalism or the CIA? ” (The Spy Who Loved Us, page 119)

  1. “It was October 1959, with a fall chill in the air. In An’s pocket was an airplane ticket to Saigon, bought for him by the Asia Foundation. ” (The Spy Who Loved Us, page 120)

                (Sic).

                Larry Berman is correct? Or Thomas A. Bass correct?

                The truth is that both 2 are wrong!

XIII. Lucky because not had worked for the CIA?

          “…When the war ended, An faced questions about whether he in fact had worked as a double agent. “I was lucky because if I had worked for the CIA I would have had big problems with the security people. I was watched very carefully because I was the only one for twenty-three years who did not get caught and they wanted to know how that happened. They could not check on my connections because I worked for myself. I was a special case because no one gave me orders. I had no handlers. I sent in my reports, and they never said a word until the war was over on anything except Ap Bac. Then after the war they asked me to write up everything I did in a report for the decorations I was going to receive. I did that but then they wanted more. They wanted to know about all my connections, they wanted me to report names, of all my friends, everyone I had worked with all those years. I refused. I had too many friends who trusted me. I would never reveal a source either. Then they thought I had a protector, maybe in the Chiang Kai-shek network like my friend Francis Cau, head of intelligence in Southeast Asia, who often came to my home. His job was to root out Communists in Cho Lon, and he often shared his information with me and wanted me to work for him too.”” (Perfect Spy, Chapter 5, Page 16/25)

Comment:  Alone he decide “worked for the CIA“?

No permission superiors? “decided not to ask my superiors“?

Can not!

Question: An really are? ? will clearly see the next chapter.

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